Egnatia (or Egnathia and Gnazia and Eγνατία in greek) is an ancient city in Puglia (of which only ruins remain today), near present Fasano.

It was the center of the Messapians place at the border between Peucezia (north) and the Messapia (south), along the so-called threshold messapica; in language messapica was called gnathia, while the Romans was called Egnatia or Gnatia and Greeks Egnatia or gnathia.

Mentioned by Pliny, Strabo and Horace, who remembers her in a Satyra narrating his journey from Rome to Brindisi. Now, in the province of Brindisi (near the border with that of Bari) and a few miles north of Savelletri, the center of Egnatia is one of the most interesting archaeological sites in Puglia; for the substantial findings of a particular type of ceramic, has given its name to a style of decorative pottery of the fourth and third centuries BC, called "style Gnatia", although it was certainly not the main production center.

The history of excavations carried out in Egnatia is similar to that of other towns in Puglia with important archaeological sites, such as Ruvo or Canosa, since the first discoveries were mostly aimed at looting and sale summary of the findings reached. In particular, the first depredamenti took place in 1809 when some French officers stationed at Egnatia, to spice up their days, they began to test the waters surrounding the ruins (then covered with brambles) to obtain findings and then resell them on the market archaeological more

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